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What is Browser Fingerprinting?

Browser fingerprinting is a technique websites use to gather data about a user’s browser type, operating system, and other settings, to create a unique profile or “fingerprint.” While used for legitimate purposes like fraud prevention, it raises privacy concerns as it can track and identify users without their knowledge or consent.

Imagine walking through a crowd where everyone knows your name, not because they’ve met you, but because you’re leaving invisible footprints that spell out your identity. That’s somewhat what browser fingerprinting is like.

Browser fingerprinting is a technique that websites use to collect data about your browser type, operating system, IP address, and even more detailed information like your screen resolution, language, time zone, and installed plugins.

This data creates a unique profile or a “fingerprint” that can identify you and track your online activity.

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Note: The page is part of the browser vocabulary to help you understand technical terms.

In this guide, I have shared written instruction about:

Why is Browser Fingerprinting Used?

Companies use browser fingerprinting for a few reasons:

  • Security: It can help verify your identity and detect suspicious activity. For example, if your account is accessed from a browser or location you’ve never used before, the service might flag this as potential fraud.
  • Marketing and Advertising: It helps companies deliver personalized content and targeted ads. By understanding your online behavior and preferences, they can tailor their offerings to what they think you’re most likely to be interested in.

How Does Browser Fingerprinting Work?

Now, imagine you’re going to a party where the host doesn’t know anyone’s name. To keep track of who’s who, the host asks everyone to describe something unique about themselves. One person might say, “I’m the only one here who speaks three languages,” and another might say, “I’m the only one wearing red shoes.”

In the context of browser fingerprinting, the party is the website, the host is the server, and the guests are the browsers. Each browser shares its unique attributes (like screen resolution, operating system, language, etc.) with the server. Although none of these pieces of information can identify a user on their own, when combined, they can form a unique profile that’s specific to you and your browser.

So just like the host can identify each partygoer based on their unique characteristics, a server can identify and track your browser among millions of others using browser fingerprinting.

Bottom Line

While browser fingerprinting has legitimate uses, it also raises privacy concerns, as it can be used to track your online activities without your knowledge or consent.

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Kushal Azza

Kushal Azza

Kushal Azza is a Google Certified Analytics & IT Professional, Digital Content Creator, and Go-To Digital Marketer with an Engineering Degree. He has over a decade of experience solving tech problems, troubleshooting, and innovating digital solutions. Follow him on Twitter and LinkedIn.

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